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2 edition of Homogeneous catalytic hydrocracking processes for conversion of coal to liquid fuels found in the catalog.

Homogeneous catalytic hydrocracking processes for conversion of coal to liquid fuels

SRI International

Homogeneous catalytic hydrocracking processes for conversion of coal to liquid fuels

basic and exploratory research

by SRI International

  • 370 Want to read
  • 36 Currently reading

Published by Dept. of Energy in [Washington] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Coal liquefaction,
  • Catalytic cracking

  • Edition Notes

    SeriesFE ; 2202-51
    ContributionsUnited States. Dept. of Energy
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv. :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14879029M

      In view of the foregoing, it is an object of the present invention to provide a hydrocarbon conversion process, including a catalytic hydrocracking step, capable of producing high yields of valuable fuel products, including jet fuels, from hydrocarbon feedstocks boiling in the range ° to 1,° F. and containing substantial quantities of.   New and more stringent environmental legislation is expected to have a major impact on the refining industry. Reformulated gasoline which is currently being introduced into parts of the United States is an example of the shift towards “cleaner” burning fuels. To achieve future government specifications for such fuels significant changes will likely be required in refinery operations to Cited by:

    an attractive and promising source of energy. The conversion of biomass to biofuel has resulted in the production of liquid and gaseous fuels that can be used for different means methods such as thermochemical and biological processes. Thermochemical more useful biofuel. Catalytic processes are increasingly applied in biofuel development. Summary. The catalytic cracking activity of mesoporous materials for the production of biofuel from fatty acid mixture is reported. AlMCM synthesized was ion-exchanged with calcium ions and this material showed better hydrothermal stability but was less selective in the yield of gasoline by:

    Given the high content of AAEM in some biomass fuels, sulfur capture by these metals could be an added advantage of co-conversion of coal and biomass based fuels. Lu et al. [ ] found that blending municipal solid waste (MSW) with coal during co-combustion significantly reduced SO Cited by: Heterogeneous Catalysis and Solid Catalysts OLAF DEUTSCHMANN, Institut f€ur Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie, Universit €at Karlsruhe (TH), Enges- serstr. 20, Karlsruhe, Germany HELMUT KNOZINGER€, Department Chemie, Universit€at M €unchen, Butenandtstr. 5 – 13 (Haus E), M €unchen, Germany KARL KOCHLOEFL, Schwarzenbergstr. 15, Rosenheim, Germany


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Homogeneous catalytic hydrocracking processes for conversion of coal to liquid fuels by SRI International Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Homogeneous catalytic hydrocracking processes for conversion of coal to liquid fuels: basic and exploratory research.

[SRI International.; United States. Department of Energy.]. Research in the field of catalytic reduction of carbon dioxide to liquid fuels has grown rapidly in the past few decades.

This is due to the increasing amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and a steady climb in global fuel demand. This tutorial review will present much of the significant work that has been done in the field of electrocatalytic and homogeneous reduction of carbon dioxide.

The interest in hydrocracking has been attributed to the increasing demand for light and middle distillates, the availability of byproduct hydrogen in large quantities from catalytic reforming, and the environmental regulations limiting sulfur and aromatic hydrocarbons in motor fuels [5].

The advantages of hydrocracking include its ability to. For hydrocracking processes, coke formation can be suppressed in hydrogen rich atmosphere, and therefore, catalytic life time can be prolonged with high catalytic activity.

Hydrocracking catalyst performance can be controlled by types of supports, composition, Cited by:   Catalysis in Coal Conversion tells of the advances in catalysis and related fields in order to suggest decisive contributions towards finding solutions for the catalytic problems of coal conversion.

The book also details the preparation, mode of action, and behavior of various catalysts. The book is divided into three major parts, the first of Book Edition: 1. Direct coal liquefaction (DCL) converts solid coal (H/C ratio z ) to liquid fuels (H/C ratio z 2) by adding hydrogen at high temperature and pressures in the presence or absence of catalyst.

Hydrocracking is essentially the combination of two processes: hydrogenation and cracking. Therefore, hydrocracking utilizes a bifunctional catalyst. The catalysts (highly active noble metals used for hydrogenation e.g.

Pt and Pd) used in hydrocracking are very susceptible to poisoning and great care must be taken to remove sulfur from the. Studies on processes and catalytic cracking are quite important under this aspect.

higher pressures over 15 MPa at K were more influential in accelerating the VR conversion into liquid. Developed processes for conversion of biomass to fuels Apart from burning wood as a source of heat, biomass-derived alcohols and oils have been used as liquid energy sources since BC Alcohols have been used as transportation fuels since the invention of the internal combustion engine in.

@article{osti_, title = {Chemistry of catalytic hydrocarbon conversions}, author = {Pines, H.}, abstractNote = {The catalytic conversion of hydrocarbons is used for the production of both high octane gasoline and petrochemicals.

The chapters are arranged according to the type of catalyst used in the various reactions. Chapters cover: acid-catalyzed reactions, base-catalyzed reactions. Introduction. The varying prices of crude oil, the politics of crude oil, and other variable economic factors have led to a strong interest in the production of liquid fuels from coal, natural gas, and biomass (Hu et al.,Speight,Speight, a, Speight, b).The technology to produce fuels from such sources is varied, but a tried and true technology involves the so-called Cited by: 1.

FISCHER-TROPSCH lNDIRECT COAL LIQUEFACTION DESlGNlECONOMlCS - MILD HYDROCRACKING VS. FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING Gerald N.

Choi, Sheldon J. Kramer and Samuel S. Tam (Bechtel Corporation, San Francisco, CA) Joseph M. Fox (Consultant) William J. Reagan (Amoco Oil Company, Naperville. IL)File Size: KB. This lead to the introduction of catalytic cracking.

Most catalytic conversion processes were developed right before and during Second World War for making higher quantities of better fuels with higher octane numbers.

In catalytic cracking the reactive species are carbo cations that are produced on catalyst surfaces. Industrially important are liquid and solid catalysts. It is worth to mention that around 75% of all chemicals are produced in processes employing catalysts.

For example the production of synthetic fibers, plastics, pharmaceutics, agents, resins, crop-protection, and pigments required catalytic processes. Moreover in such technologiesFile Size: KB.

Purchase Catalytic Hydrogenation, Volume 27 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. Paperback: pages Publisher: Academic Press (Novem ) Language: English ISBN ISBN Product Dimensions: 6 x x inches Shipping Weight: pounds (View shipping rates and policies) Customer Reviews: Be the first to review this itemCited by: Indirect coal liquefaction (ICL) processes operate in two stages.

In the first stage, coal is converted into syngas (a purified mixture of CO and H 2 gas). In the second stage, the syngas is converted into light hydrocarbons using one of three main processes: Fischer–Tropsch synthesis, methanol synthesis with subsequent conversion to gasoline or petrochemicals, and methanation.

Catalysis In Petrochemical Processes. Welcome,you are looking at books for reading, the Catalysis In Petrochemical Processes, you will able to read or download in Pdf or ePub books and notice some of author may have lock the live reading for some of ore it need a FREE signup process to obtain the book.

Concerns about the depletion of fossil fuel reserves and the pollution caused by continuously increasing energy demands make hydrogen an attractive alternative energy source. Hydrogen is currently. Chapter 9 Kinetic Model of the Chemical and Catalytic Recycling of Waste Polyethylene into Fuels (pages –): Norbert Miskolczi Chapter 10 Production of Gaseous and Liquid Fuels by Pyrolysis and Gasification of Plastics: Technological Approach (pages –): C.

Gisele Jung and Andre Fontana. Title:An Overview of Bio-oil Upgrading with High Hydrogen-containing Feedstocks to Produce Transportation Fuels: Chemistry, Catalysts, and Engineering VOLUME: 23 ISSUE: 7 Author(s):Bing Wang, Rui Xiao* and Huiyan Zhang* Affiliation:Key Laboratory of Energy Thermal Conversion and Control, Ministry of Education, School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing Author: Bing Wang, Rui Xiao, Huiyan Zhang.Hydrogenation – meaning, to treat with hydrogen – is a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen (H 2) and another compound or element, usually in the presence of a catalyst such as nickel, palladium or process is commonly employed to reduce or saturate organic enation typically constitutes the addition of pairs of hydrogen atoms to a molecule, often an ock: Unsaturated substrates and hydrogen or .The catalytic hydrogenation of liquid unsaturated hydrocarbons by reacting them with gaseous hydrogen (H 2) to produce liquid saturated hydrocarbons uses metals like platinum (Pt) and palladium (Pd) as the catalyst.

This is an example of three-phase catalysis, the catalyst being a solid and one of the reactants being a gas while another.